Showing 1–12 of 18 results

PSYCHEDELIC VENOMS

The drug comes from a rare species of toad native to the Sonoran Desert, Bufo Alvarius, which produces a venom known as 5-MeO-DMT: an extremely potent natural psychedelic. 5-MeO-DMT is about four to six times more powerful than its better-known cousin DMT (dimethyltryptamine).

TYPES OF VENOM AVAILABLE FOR SALE

. Psychedelic Toad Venom

. Snake Venom

. Scorpion Venom

PSYCHEDELIC TOAD VENOM

Trendy New Psychedelic Toad Venom Takes the US By Storm

Comparable to the likes of ayahuascapsilocybin mushrooms, and mescaline, a new mind-altering drug is hitting the US psychedelic scene – toad venom. The drug comes from a rare species of toad native to the Sonoran Desert, Bufo Alvarius, which produces a venom known as 5-MeO-DMT: an extremely potent natural psychedelic. 5-MeO-DMT is about four to six times more powerful than its better-known cousin DMT (dimethyltryptamine).

The narcotic has long been ingested by licking the poisonous amphibian’s back but is now more commonly consumed as a smokable “dust” form. The liquid is extracted by milking the toad’s toxic venom glands and then dehydrating it into a crumbly dry paste. Shamans throughout Mexico and the southwestern US have been harvesting and smoking the substance for decades, and now thousands of people throughout the country are seeking out the powerful psychedelic.

The drug’s hallucinogenic effects take hold in about five minutes after ingestion, causing a powerful religious-like trip that lasts about an hour. Individuals that have taken the toad venom described their trips as being one with the universe and feeling “reborn” – one user said they felt “a total fusion with God” while under the influence. Users experience bright colors, moving environments, or recursive patterns. According to researchers, the drug often leaves users immobile and unresponsive, and can cause intense emotional reactions, euphoria, convulsions, and vomiting.

It’s such an intense experience that, in most cases, doing it at a party isn’t safe. It’s not a recreational drug. If people get dosed too high, they can ‘white out’ and disassociate from their mind and body.

– Alan K. Davis, Clinical Psychologist and Assistant Professor at the Psychedelic Research Unit at Johns Hopkins University

In addition to the possible harmful effects users can experience while tripping, many people suffer from extreme nausea and confusion for days after. However, this hasn’t stopped psychedelic drug-lovers across the nation from seeking out the Schedule 1 classified substance, which carries the threat of a 10-year prison sentence for possession. Users even hire foreign shamans to distribute the drug at parties that typically cost around $200 to $500 a head to attend.

Toad Venom: New Possible Treatment for Depression?

Once the venom wears off, users say that they experience an afterglow that can trigger them to make major, positive life changes. 5-MeO-DMT appears to have a placebo analgesic effect comparable to hypnosis. The drug has shown to help break attachments to past trauma, negative behaviors, and habitual negative thought patterns.

Such beneficial psychological effects has led some researchers to believe that in a controlled setting with a well-trained professional, the venom could be useful in treating anxiety and depression. In fact, preliminary studies performed by John Hopkins University suggest that it may combat depression and anxiety just as effectively as psilocybin, in addition to requiring a much shorter duration of time to reap the therapeutic benefits.

To study the potential medicinal effects of 5-MeO-DMT, John Hopkins Psychedelics researcher Alan Davis conducted an online survey that included 362 people that routinely uses the toad venom in ceremonial group settings. Respondents reported that they had attended sessions containing between five to 12 people in which each ceremony is overseen by a sober facilitator who administers the drug. Participants took turns being dosed and then ended the experience with a “closing circle” where they shared their thoughts on the spiritual journeys they each took while tripping. Of the 162 individuals that self-reported as suffering from anxiety or depression, approximately 80% reported improvements in these conditions after using the drug.

Davis believes the 5-MeO-DMT found in toad venom is effective at treating these mental illnesses due to a combination of neurological changes in users’ brains and insights they gained through the psychedelic experience. Davis hopes that the research that is being performed at John Hopkins will inspire other people to follow suit and explore the option of using psychedelics as possible treatment options.

What Is Toad Venom?

Recently, the practice of smoking Toad Venom has been gaining traction across the United States. Licking toads in the Bufonidae family has been a practice to experience a psychedelic trip. Licking toads (typically cane toads) can be dangerous, however, and may cause muscle weakness, rapid heart rate, and vomiting. The Toad Venom being used today is from the Colorado River toad, also known as the Sonoran Desert toad. This nocturnal toad grows up to 7 inches in length and has dark leathery skin. It is found in Mexico and in the United States in ColoradoCaliforniaNew Mexico, and Arizona.

The Colorado River toad is semiaquatic and can be found in desert areas as well as near bodies of water such as springs, canals, and ponds. The toad eats many insects and will also eat lizards, small mammals, and amphibians. It uses toxic secretions to ward off predators like skunks, raccoons, and birds. These toxic secretions are what make the toad valuable to humans who are looking to get high.

Each toad has venom glands that excrete toxins containing 5-MeO-DMT, a Psychedelic chemical. The liquid is extracted from the toad’s glands and then dried into a paste. This paste is then smoked, and users experience a trip that starts within 10 to 30 seconds. According to John Hopkins University, the user will then be physically incapacitated for about 30 minutes, and time, vision, and sound may be distorted. Some users say the experience is “indescribable,” other descriptions characterize the trip as a feeling of awareness, being connected to a higher power, and feeling reborn. The trip is over after an hour, and users are left with an altered mood and perception, with some users even making major life changes because of their new outlook.

Toad Venom Available for Sale

. Bufo Alvarius ( Bufo Bufo) Toad Venom

. Kassina Senegalensis Toad venom

. Phrynomantis Bifasciatus Toad Venom

. Schismaderma Carens Toad Venom

Is Toad Venom A Cure For Depression?

The Psychedelic 5-MeO-DMT can be found in certain plants as well as the Colorado River toad and can also be made synthetically in a lab. This Hallucinogen is a Schedule I controlled substance, meaning it has no defined medical purposes and has a high potential for abuse. People obtain the drug by either extracting it from the frogs or paying a foreign shaman, often from Mexico, to pass around the drug at ceremonies in the hopes of causing a religious experience.

In these group experiences, there is at least one person in attendance who is not under the influence of the drug to oversee others incapacitated by the substance. Some believe that partaking in a 5-MeO-DMT trip can cure their depression and anxiety. Researchers are trying to figure out if that is true.

Psilocybin, the Psychedelic ingredient in “Magic Mushrooms”, has been found to produce anti-anxiety and anti-depression effects. However, the trip from Magic Mushrooms typically lasts 4 to 6 hours, making it a very time-consuming process, especially if preformed in a clinical setting. Because the trip from Toad Venom only lasts up to an hour, users could potentially have the same experience in less time and in a controlled setting. It can be difficult to study these topics involving illegal drugs due to resources and funding, but some scientists believe there is potential for helping people with depression and anxiety. Others believe the danger outweighs the possible benefits.

The Dangers Of Use

There is always a risk in consuming any drug, regardless of whether it is produced naturally or in a lab. After smoking Toad Venom, the user will be unable to move and lack awareness of their surroundings. Some people who take this drug at a party put themselves at risk of being taken advantage of. Alan K. Davis of the Psychedelic Research Unit at John Hopkins University in Baltimore said, “It’s such an intense experience that, in most cases, doing it at a party isn’t safe. It’s not a recreational drug. If people get dosed too high, they can ‘white out’ and disassociate from their mind and body.” Davis also says some people can experience anxiety for days afterwards, and some end up going to the emergency room.

There are conflicting opinions on whether Hallucinogens, like Toad Venom, are addictive. Common Hallucinogens include LSD, Magic Mushrooms, MescalineDMT, and 251-NBOMe. These drugs affect the brain by disrupting communication between brain chemical systems and the spinal cord. This impacts mood, sensory perception, body temperature, sexual behavior, sleep, hunger, and intestinal muscle control. Many people will see, hear, and feel things that are not actually there, and they may also experience nausea, increased heart rate, and changes in feelings, sensory experiences, and their sense of time.

Using Hallucinogens can cause panic, excessive sweating, dry mouth, sleep problems, and psychosis. In some cases, users suffer from persistent psychosis, which is continued mental problems having to do with disorganized thinking, paranoia, and visual disturbances. There is evidence that some Hallucinogens like LSD and PCP are addictive, with regular users building a tolerance to the drug and needing to take more to get the same effect. Some users have stated that they are only happy when using Psychedelics, and they have negative feelings during periods where they are not using the drug. This leads to an unhealthy need for drugs, and can be considered an addiction.

Stop Using Toad Venom

Not only is smoking Toad Venom risky and potentially dangerous to humans, it also effects animals. The illegal collection of Colorado River toads for their use in the drug trade is a threat to the species. The toads use their venom to protect themselves, and a human should not bring a toxic animal near their home. There have been reports of dogs picking up Colorado River toads and being killed by the strong venom they secrete. The toxin can also cause dogs to have seizures, develop dilated pupils, experience rapid heartbeat, and foam at the mouth.

The dangers of smoking Toad Venom are slowly being brought to light as more people start experimenting with this largely unstudied drug. If you or someone you know is abusing Toad Venom, there is help available. Contact a treatment provider today for resources to find a treatment center.

Milking a cobra may sound insane, but commercial venom extraction can be rewarding for its potential medicinal uses. The poison is used as an antidote if someone is bitten, and its purported pharmaceutical uses are relieving pain, reducing blood pressure and breaking up blood clots. These venoms are multipurpose poisons, which is why they fetch such exorbitant prices.

Here are some of the priciest farmed pharmaceutical toxins available — the produce of vipers, scorpions and other deadly animals. They are precious poisons indeed.

  1. King cobra
    While it may be much cheaper than deathstalker venom, the king cobra variety still costs $153,000 per gallon. Besides the risk involved in handling a reptile that can kill an elephant, another reason why the fluid costs so much is that it hosts a potent protein known as ohanin, which holds potential for chronic pain treatment.
  2. Coral snake 
    Despite being thin and pretty, the coral snake is lethal, armed with the second-strongest venom of any snake, after the black mamba. Coral snake venom is priced at over $4,000 per gram, reflecting an array of purported medical uses. Research shows that coral snake venom may have antiviral and antibacterial properties.
  3. Brown snake
    In contrast to the coral snake, the Australian brown snake (Pseudonaja) is highly venomous and considered to be one of the world’s most dangerous snakes. Even juveniles can deliver a fatal dose to humans. On the market, one gram of the snake’s venom fetches about $4,000. The lethal liquid is used in antivenom production and laboratory research.
  4. Agkistrodon Contortrix (Copperhead) Snake Venom : Southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix) found in the forests of southeastern part of the USA is one of the most common venomous snakes of this country. Although this species is venomous, its venom is quite gentle as compared to the other snakes in the same areas and usually is not considered a threat to an adult person. The bite causes local pain, swelling, erythema, nausea, vomiting, thrombocytopenia, hypotension, and sometimes anaphylactic shock Southern copperhead venom toxins cause: the deterioration of homeostasis and cell adhesion, activation of a coagulation cascade or blockade of some of its factors, and miotoxicity that causes necrosis of the muscles. The spread of the venom components allow for the dissolution of fibrin clots by the fibrinolytic toxin. Tissue damage occurs by damage to endothelial cells, mostly caused by metalloproteinases and phospholipases
  5. Atheris Chlorechis Snake Venmo :Buy Atheris Chlorechis Venom Online (Bush Viper) Snake Venom for sale online. While considered mildly venomous at one time, it has since been proven that Atheris bites in general are serious bites. There is no antivenin manufactured specifically for the species, but it has been reported that Echis polyvalent has been effective in treating bites of other Atheris species.Overall, the Usambara Eyelash Viper is an impressive specimen and I have heard of a few reptile keepers that have had them in captivity for a number of years now without any issues.Being an African species I would suggest cycling them in a similar way to other Atheris species by providing them with a period of cooler night time drops not colder than 15°C. In conclusion, if you are fan of arboreal vipers the Usamabara Eyelash Viper should definitely be at the top of your list!In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

    Nerves trigger muscles to contract by releasing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. At first Lee and Chang assumed that the snake venom must cut acetylcholine apart, but they found it had no effect. Instead, they discovered, the banded krait venom prevented neurons from responding to acetylcholine and from releasing their own. These two changes were caused by two different proteins in the venom of the banded krait, which Lee and Chang dubbed α-bungarotoxin and β-bungarotoxin.

    Atheris is a genus of venomous vipers known as bush vipers. They are found only in tropical subsaharan Africa (excluding southern Africa) and many species have isolated and fragmented distributions due to their confinement to rain forests. In an example of convergent evolution, they show many similarities to the arboreal pit vipers of Asia and South America. Sixteen species are currently recognized.

    BUY ATHERIS CHLORECHIS VENOM ONLINE, BUY ATHERIS CHLORECHIS VENOM ONLINE, BUY SNAKE VENOM ONLINE, BUY SNAKE VENOM ONLINE

    Buy Atheris Chlorechis Venom Online (Bush Viper) Snake Venom for sale online. While considered mildly venomous at one time, it has since been proven that Atheris bites in general are serious bites. There is no antivenin manufactured specifically for the species, but it has been reported that Echis polyvalent has been effective in treating bites of other Atheris species.

    Overall, the Usambara Eyelash Viper is an impressive specimen and I have heard of a few reptile keepers that have had them in captivity for a number of years now without any issues.

    Being an African species I would suggest cycling them in a similar way to other Atheris species by providing them with a period of cooler night time drops not colder than 15°C. In conclusion, if you are fan of arboreal vipers the Usamabara Eyelash Viper should definitely be at the top of your list!

    In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

    Nerves trigger muscles to contract by releasing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. At first Lee and Chang assumed that the snake venom must cut acetylcholine apart, but they found it had no effect. Instead, they discovered, the banded krait venom prevented neurons from responding to acetylcholine and from releasing their own. These two changes were caused by two different proteins in the venom of the banded krait, which Lee and Chang dubbed α-bungarotoxin and β-bungarotoxin.

    Atheris is a genus of venomous vipers known as bush vipers. They are found only in tropical subsaharan Africa (excluding southern Africa) and many species have isolated and fragmented distributions due to their confinement to rain forests. In an example of convergent evolution, they show many similarities to the arboreal pit vipers of Asia and South America. Sixteen species are currently recognized.

    BUY ATHERIS CHLORECHIS VENOM ONLINE, BUY ATHERIS CHLORECHIS VENOM ONLINE, BUY SNAKE VENOM ONLINE, BUY SNAKE VENOM ONLINE

    Buy Atheris Chlorechis Venom Online (Bush Viper) Snake Venom for sale online. While considered mildly venomous at one time, it has since been proven that Atheris bites in general are serious bites. There is no antivenin manufactured specifically for the species, but it has been reported that Echis polyvalent has been effective in treating bites of other Atheris species.

    Overall, the Usambara Eyelash Viper is an impressive specimen and I have heard of a few reptile keepers that have had them in captivity for a number of years now without any issues.

    Being an African species I would suggest cycling them in a similar way to other Atheris species by providing them with a period of cooler night time drops not colder than 15°C. In conclusion, if you are fan of arboreal vipers the Usamabara Eyelash Viper should definitely be at the top of your list!

    In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

    Nerves trigger muscles to contract by releasing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. At first Lee and Chang assumed that the snake venom must cut acetylcholine apart, but they found it had no effect. Instead, they discovered, the banded krait venom prevented neurons from responding to acetylcholine and from releasing their own. These two changes were caused by two different proteins in the venom of the banded krait, which Lee and Chang dubbed α-bungarotoxin and β-bungarotoxin.

    Atheris is a genus of venomous vipers known as bush vipers. They are found only in tropical subsaharan Africa (excluding southern Africa) and many species have isolated and fragmented distributions due to their confinement to rain forests. In an example of convergent evolution, they show many similarities to the arboreal pit vipers of Asia and South America. Sixteen species are currently recognized.

  6. Bitis Arietans (Puff Adder) Snake Venom :BUY BITIS ARIETANS VENOM ONLINE (PUFF ADDER)Buy Bitis Arietans Venom, puff adder Large in length, thick, extremely stout and heavy bodied snake with a short ( males ) to very short ( females ) tail.Buy Bitis Arietans Venom, Large in length, thick, extremely stout and heavy bodied snake with a short ( males ) to very short ( females ) tail. Can grow to a maximum of about 1.91 metres ( with a girth of 38 cm ). Saudi Arabian specimens are much smaller, rarely exceeding 0.80 metres. Unusually, the largest specimens are found in semi desert and dry savanna regions. Head is broad, flattened, lanceolate and very distinct from narrow neck. Head is covered with small, keeled, imbricate scales. Snout is short and canthus is distinct. Nostrils are large and face more directly upward than in any other African viper. Eyes are medium in size with vertically elliptical pupils. Dorsal scales are heavily keeled with apical pits ( outer scale row is smooth or feebly keeled ).Habitat

    Very adaptable to a wide range of habitats ( including savanna, scrub and semi-desert ) up to about 3500 metres elevation. Only absent from true desert, tropical rainforest and very high montane grassland and peaks.

    Habits

    Terrestrial, mainly nocturnal and very sluggish snake. Emerges at dusk and remains hidden in cover ( effective camouflage ) ready to ambush prey. If disturbed it inflates its body with air and exhaling in loud hisses or puffs ( hence its common name ) and will adopt a striking posture with the anterior body held in a taut S shape. At the same time though, it edges itself backward into cover. It will strike readily and swiftly if cornered or provoked. Often swims, but on land moves with a caterpillar like motion leaving a straight track in sand or loose soil.

    Prey

    Feeds on a wide variety of prey, including hares, hedgehogs, grasshoppers and cockroaches but most often on rodents, small mammals, lizards and birds, occasionally other snakes. An opportunistic feeder. Young feed mainly on toads and frogs.

    In the event of an actual or probable bite from a Puff Adder, execute the following first aid measures without delay.

     Snake:

    Make sure that the responsible snake or snakes have been appropriately and safely contained, and are out of danger of inflicting any additional bites.

    Transportation:

    Immediately call for transportation.Telephone:

    Victim:

    Keep the victim calm and reassured. Allow him or her to lie flat and avoid as much movement as possible. If possible, allow the bitten limb to rest at a level lower than the victim’s heart.

    Immediately wrap a large crepe bandage snugly around the bitten limb starting at the site of the bite and working proximally up the limb (the full length if possible). The bandage should be as tight as one might bind a sprained ankle.

    Secure the splint to the bandaged limb to keep the limb as rigid and unmoving as possible. Avoid bending or moving the limb excessively while applying the splint.

    DO NOT remove the splint or bandages until the victim has reached the hospital and is receiving Antivenom.

    Have the SAIMR (South African Institute for Medical Research) polyvalent antivenom ready for the Lifeflight crew to take with the victim to the hospital.

    First Aid

    Description: First aid for bites by Viperid snakes likely to cause significant local injury at the bite site (see listing in Comments section).

    Details

    1. After ensuring the patient and onlookers have moved out of range of further strikes by the snake, the bitten person should be reassured and persuaded to lie down and remain still. Many will be terrified, fearing sudden death and, in this mood, they may behave irrationally or even hysterically. The basis for reassurance is the fact that many venomous bites do not result in envenoming, the relatively slow progression to severe envenoming (hours following elapid bites, days following viper bites) and the effectiveness of modern medical treatment. Buy Bitis Arietans Venom
    2. The bite wound should not be tampered with in any way. Wiping it once with a damp cloth to remove surface venom is unlikely to do much harm (or good) but the wound must not be massaged.
    3. All rings or other jewellery on the bitten limb, especially on fingers, should be removed, as they may act as tourniquets if oedema develops.
    4. The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation.
    5. If there is any impairment of vital functions, such as problems with respiration, airway, circulation, heart function, these must be supported as a priority. In particular, for bites causing flaccid paralysis, including respiratory paralysis, both airway and respiration may be impaired, requiring urgent and prolonged treatment, which may include the mouth to mask (mouth to mouth) technique of expired air transfer. Seek urgent medical attention.
    6. Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock.
    7. Avoid peroral intake, absolutely no alcohol. No sedatives outside hospital. If there will be considerable delay before reaching medical aid, measured in several hours to days, then give clear fluids by mouth to prevent dehydration. Buy Bitis Arietans Venom
    8. If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification (only relevant in areas where there are more than one naturally occurring venomous snake species), but be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom. No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites.
    9. The snakebite victim should be transported as quickly and as passively as possible to the nearest place where they can be seen by a medically-trained person (health station, dispensary, clinic or hospital). The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom. If no motor vehicle or boat is available, the patient can be carried on a stretcher or hurdle, on the pillion or crossbar of a bicycle or on someone’s back.
    10. Most traditional, and many of the more recently fashionable, first aid measures are useless and potentially dangerous. These include local cauterization, incision, excision, amputation, suction by mouth, vacuum pump or syringe, combined incision and suction (“venom-ex” apparatus), injection or instillation of compounds such as potassium permanganate, phenol (carbolic soap) and trypsin, application of electric shocks or ice (cryotherapy), use of traditional herbal, folk and other remedies including the ingestion of emetic plant products and parts of the snake, multiple incisions, tattooing and so on. Buy Bitis Arietans Venom

    Treatment

    Treatment Summary

    Puff adder bites are likely to cause severe local & systemic envenoming rapidly, requiring urgent assessment & treatment. Fluid shift & shock may occur. Urgent fluid load, good wound care and antivenom are required. While compartment syndrome can occur, it must be confirmed by pressure measurement before considering fasciotomy. Beware any surgical intervention while venom haemorrhagins are active.

    Key Diagnostic Features

    Local swelling, blistering, necrosis + coagulopathy, bleeding

    General Approach to Management

    All cases should be treated as urgent & potentially lethal. Rapid assessment & commencement of treatment including appropriate antivenom (if indicated & available) is mandatory. Admit all cases.

    Antivenom Therapy

    Antivenom is the key treatment for systemic envenoming. Multiple doses may be required.

    Buy Bitis Arietans Venom, puff adder.

  7. Crotalus Durissus Snake Venom :BUY CROTALUS DURISSUS VENOM ONLINEBuy Crotalus Durissus Venom Online, The Cascavel (Crotalus Durissus – Linnaeus, 1758), Known In Spanish As Casabel, Cascavel, Vibora De Cascabel, Cascabela, Serpiente De Cascabel; In Portuguese As Cascavel De Quatro Ventas; In English As Tropical Or South American Rattlesnake; In Aymaran As Saqapani Katari; In German As Schauer Klapperschlange And In French As Crotale Cascabelle, Is One Of The Most Feared Reptilians Of The New World, Protagonist Of Local Legends, Terrifying Tales And Of Real Sagas. And Not Entirely Wrong: As Almost Always Is The Case, At The Base Of The Legends, Whatever Extortionate They Are, There Is A Kernel OfTRUTH

    , Even If Distorted, Enlarged And Made Resounding By The Popular Fantasy .The Crotalus durissus is one of the most dangerous poisoners of Central and Southern America, for its great diffusion range as well as for the nervous and aggressive temperament and, even more, due to its venom which, as we shall see, stands among the most active and dangerous in the world of the American and world viperids.

    It is not astonishing, therefore, it has risen, in the collective imagination, to the throne of king of the cool-blooded killers, sharing such aura of menace and power with the Bushmaster, or Woods terror, or also Surucucu (Lachesis muta), the greatest American viperid and by sure the longest in the whole world (up to 350 cm).

    In reality, however, the bad reputation of the Crotalus durissus is well more deserved than that of Lachesis muta, by sure an impressive serpent for what the size is concerned, but less easy to meet, less aggressive and endowed of a venom which, even if produced in big quantity, is less active than that of the Cascavel and, as a result, responsible of a quite minor number of serious accidents.

    Several subspecies of this viperid (Viperidae) belonging to the subfamily of the crotalines (Crotalinae) are described:

    Crotalus durissus durissus or Serpente de cascabel: present in Surinam, Guyana and French Guyana.

    Crotalus durissus terrificus or Cascavel: the species typical of the Amazon forest, especially in its southern part, which reaches south-eastern Peru, the northern part of Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay.

    Crotalus durissus cumanensis or Venezuelan cascavel : Venezuela.

    Crotalus durissus ruruima or Cascavel de Monte Roraima: sighted in Brazil (Roraima), in part of Venezuela (Bolivàr) and Mount Cariman in Peru.

    Crotalus durissus marajoensis or Cascabel de Marajo: in Marajo island.

    Crotalus durissus maricelae or Cascavel de Merida : in Venezuela.

    Crotalus durissus unicolor or Cascabel de Aruba: typical of the island having the same name in the Dutch Antilles.

    Crotalus durissus trigonicus or Vibore de cascabel de Guyana: present in the inland areas of Guayana.

    Crotalus durissus vegrandis or Serpiente de cascavel de Uracoa : also described in Venezuela (Monagas).

    This reptilian is also the only one, in South America, really deserving the name of rattlesnake, because the other viperids of that part of the New World do not have that characteristic note as “rattle”, as is quite well described by the scientific name of its direct competitor to the title of king serpent, the Lachesis muta, reptilian who, like the moccasins and the North-American copperheads, vibrates the tail, when upset, but does not produce the typical rattling, unless it does not clashes against the surrounding vegetation.

  8. Daboia Russelii Snake Venom :BUY DABOIA RUSSELII VENOM ONLINEBUY DABOIA RUSSELII VENOM ONLINE, Housing for Daboia russelii is pretty simple. Neonates can be kept in shoe box size drawers 0.3 x 0.2 x 0.1 meters (1 x 0.65 x 0.33 feet). Adults should be housed in large enclosures, 1.8 x 0.8 x 0.5 meters (5.9 x 2.6 x 1.6 feet). They have a long reach when biting so you need large enclosures to avoid them from getting you and also with sliding door enclosures is easier to know where the snake is before you open the enclosure. You can decorate the enclosures with logs and plants (fake or real) to provide a naturalistic approach and more cover to your snake. Hide box

    If you are housing your Daboia russelii in big enclosures, you should place minimum a hide at each side of the enclosure along with the logs and plants.

     Substrate

    You can use variety of substrates, aspen or cork bark are good options. Make sure that the substrate is deep enough in order for the snake to burrow half of its body.

     Lighting – Heating

    It is recommended to provide a natural light pattern that mimics normal daytime with 14 hours on/ off during summer and 8 hours on/off during winter. My room is usually at 24-27 °C (75-80 °F). I have a heat tape across the back of the cages which is set at 32 °C (90 °F). I cool down my adults from 1st of December until 1st of March with temp drop down to 16 °C (60 °F) at night and heating them up to 24-27 °C (75-80 °F) for 8 to 10 hours during the day.

    Water

    I keep a water bowl with clean water available at all times.

    Humidity

     These animals do best in a dry climate i keep my animals anywhere from 20% to 50% with an average around 35%.

    Feeding

    Neonates can be fed weekly an appropriate size meal. When adult size is reached I feed them bi weekly unless I am getting females ready for breeding. I stop feeding my adults two weeks prior to cooling.

    Handling

    Daboia russelii are a pretty aggressive animal that doesn’t like being handled . Extreme care should be taken using the proper handling equipment.

     BUY DABOIA RUSSELII VENOM ONLINE

    Taxonomy and Biology

    Adult Length: 1.00 m

    General Shape

    Medium in length, heavy and stout bodied, dorsoventrally flattened snake with a short tail. Can grow to a maximum of about 1.85 metres ( males larger than females ). Head is large, flat, bluntly pointed ( snout rounded and broad ), broadly triangular and distinct from neck with strongly keeled scales and large nostrils. Canthus is distinct. Eyes are medium to moderately large in size with vertically elliptical pupils. Dorsal scales are strongly keeled. Dorsal scale count usually ( 25 to 29 ) – ( 27 to 33 ) – ( 21 to 23 ).

    Habitat

    Lowland plains, open fields, hills and mountain foothills up to about 3000 metres (Indian subcontinent). More abundant in open lowland plains. Very common in scrub jungle and grasslands bordering agricultural plantations, but may be found in a wide variety of terrain particularly open, rocky, bushy or grassland regions.

    Habits

    Nocturnal and most active during early evening. Captures prey by ambush. If disturbed, it tends to hold its ground rather than flee, hisses loudly and assumes a striking position with a lateral S-shaped loop of the neck. If it strikes it does so with force inflicting a deep bite.

  9. Dendroaspis Angusticeps Snake Venom :BUY DENDROASPIS ANGUSTICEPS VENOM EASTERN GREEN MAMBA (DENDROASPIS ANGUSTICEPS) SNAKE VENOMBUY DENDROASPIS ANGUSTICEPS VENOM green mamba snake venom for sale. A toxicovenomic study was performed on the venom of the green mamba, Dendroaspis angusticeps. Forty-two different proteins were identified in the venom of D. angusticeps, in addition to the nucleoside adenosine. The most abundant proteins belong to the three-finger toxin (3FTx) (69.2%) and the Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor (16.3%) families. Several sub-subfamilies of the 3FTxs were identified, such as Orphan Group XI (Toxin F-VIII), acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (fasciculins), and aminergic toxins (muscarinic toxins, synergistic-like toxins, and adrenergic toxins). Remarkably, no α-neurotoxins were identified. Proteins of the Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor family include dendrotoxins.Toxicological screening revealed a lack of lethal activity in all RP-HPLC fractions, except one, at the doses tested. Thus, the overall toxicity depends on the synergistic action of various types of proteins, such as dendrotoxins, fasciculins, and probably other synergistically-acting toxins. Polyspecific antivenoms manufactured in South Africa and India were effective in the neutralization of venom-induced lethality. These antivenoms also showed a pattern of broad immunorecognition of the different HPLC fractions by ELISA and immunoprecipitated the crude venom by gel immunodiffusion. The synergistic mechanism of toxicity constitutes a challenge for the development of effective recombinant antibodies, as it requires the identification of the most relevant synergistic toxins.

    Green Mamba Venom (Dendroaspis Angusticeps), also known as the common mamba, East African green mamba, green mamba, or white-mouthed mamba, is a large, tree-dwelling, highly venomous snake species of the mamba genus Dendroaspis.

    Green Mamba Venom (Dendroaspis Angusticeps) mostly inhabits the coastal regions of southern East Africa. Adult females average approximately 2.0 metres (6.6 ft) in length, and males are slightly smaller. Eastern green mambas prey on birds, eggs, bats, and rodents such as mice, rats, and gerbils. They are shy and elusive snakes which are rarely seen, making them somewhat unusual among mambas, and elapids in general. This elusiveness is usually attributed to the species’ green colouration which blends with its environment, and its arboreal lifestyle. However, eastern green mambas have also been observed to use “sit-and-wait” or ambush predation like many vipers, unlike the active foraging style typical of other elapids, which may be a factor in the rarity of sightings.

    Green Mamba Venom (Dendroaspis Angusticeps), is a large mostly arboreal and highly venomous snake found in the coastal regions of southern East Africa. Their range stretches from the Eastern Cape in South Africa through Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Eastern Zimbabwe and Southern Malawi.

    Green Mamba Venom (Dendroaspis Angusticeps) is mostly arboreal, meaning it lives in trees, only on rare occasions will it descend to the ground to forage, drink or bask in the sun. Because of its coloration, it’s very well camouflaged in trees or bushes, for that reason it prefers relatively dense vegetation and is rarely found in open terrain.

  10. Dendroaspis Polylepis Snake Venom :BUY DENDROASPIS POLYLEPIS VENOM ONLINEBlack Mamba Snake Venom For Sale, Buy Dendroaspis Polylepis Venom Online. Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale. This actually sounds much like a joke, how black mamba venom can really ease you of your pain – but it’s not. A painkiller just as effective as black mamba venom but without the unwanted side effects has been found by French researchers in the venom. The predator, like many other snakes, uses neurotoxins to paralyze and kill small animals, but according to the team’s research, the venom also contains a very potent painkiller, most likely working to calm down unlucky prey. The researchers analyzed 50 different mamba species before ultimately finding the black mamba’s painkilling proteins – called mambalgins.Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale

    “When it was tested in mice, the analgesia was as strong as morphine, but you don’t have most of the side-effects.” Morphine has been used as a painkiller for a very long time; it acts on the opioid pathway in the brain (like opium), calming the pain, but also causing addiction, headaches, occasional vomiting, and muscle twitching. However, mambalgins tackle pain in a completely different way, which have virtually no side effects.

    Black Mamba Snake Venom (Dendroaspis Polylepis) is a species of extremely venomous snake; it is a member the family Elapidae that is native to parts of Sub-Saharan Africa.

    Black Mamba Snake Venom (Dendroaspis Polylepis) also contains a relatively high concentration of adenosine, which might contribute to toxicity by influencing the toxin biodistribution. ELISA immunoprofiling and preclinical assessment of neutralization showed that polyspecific antivenoms manufactured in South Africa and India were effective in the neutralization of D. polylepis venom, albeit showing different potencies. Antivenoms had higher antibody titers against α-neurotoxins than against dendrotoxins, and displayed high titers against less toxic proteins of high molecular mass. Our results reveal the complexity of D. polylepis venom, and provide information for the identification of its most relevant toxins to be neutralized by antivenoms.

    Black Mamba Snake Venom (Dendroaspis Polylepis), is one of the most feared snakes in the world, owing to the potency of its venom, the severity and rapid onset of clinical manifestations of envenomings, and its ability to strike fast and repeatedly. The present study reports the first proteomic analysis of this venom. Results revealed a complex venom constituted predominantly by proteins belonging to the Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor family, which comprises the dendrotoxins, and to α-neurotoxins of the three-finger toxin family. The proteins showing highest acute toxicity were α-neurotoxins, which induce post-synaptic blockade of the neuromuscular junctions, followed by dendrotoxins, which inhibit the voltage-dependent potassium channels.

    Black Mamba Snake Venom For Sale, Buy Dendroaspis Polylepis Venom Online. Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale. This actually sounds much like a joke, how black mamba venom can really ease you of your pain – but it’s not. A painkiller just as effective as black mamba venom but without the unwanted side effects has been found by French researchers in the venom. The predator, like many other snakes, uses neurotoxins to paralyze and kill small animals, but according to the team’s research, the venom also contains a very potent painkiller, most likely working to calm down unlucky prey. The researchers analyzed 50 different mamba species before ultimately finding the black mamba’s painkilling proteins – called mambalgins.

    Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale

    “When it was tested in mice, the analgesia was as strong as morphine, but you don’t have most of the side-effects.” Morphine has been used as a painkiller for a very long time; it acts on the opioid pathway in the brain (like opium), calming the pain, but also causing addiction, headaches, occasional vomiting, and muscle twitching. However, mambalgins tackle pain in a completely different way, which have virtually no side effects.

  11. Echis Carinatus (Saw Scaled Viper) Snake Venom :BUY ECHIS CARINATUS VENOM ONLINEBuy Echis Carinatus Venom Online, The venom of Echis ocellatus is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.Ocellatusin, Ocellatin and several other Disintegrins (EO4A, EO5A, EO5B…), Zinc metalloproteinases (Eoc1, Eoc6, EoVMP2, EoMP06), Serine protease sp-Eoc49, metalloprotease inhibitor 02D01, Venom nerve growth factor and PLA²s are extracted from the venom of Echis ocellatus.

    Echis carinatus sochureki can be found in N India (incl. Punjab), Bangladesh, S Afghanistan, Pakistan, C Iran, S Iraq. An isolated population in SE Arabian peninsula has been described. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis carinatus sochureki species is of highest medical importance in Central Asia and South Asia.

    The venom of Echis carinatus sochureki is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.

    carinatus sochureki can be found in N India (incl. Punjab), Bangladesh, S Afghanistan, Pakistan, C Iran, S Iraq. An isolated population in SE Arabian peninsula has been described. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis carinatus sochureki species is of highest medical importance in Central Asia and South Asia. Buy Echis Snake Venom Online

    The venom of Echis carinatus sochureki is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.

    Disintegrins (echistatin-alpha, Ec6), Metalloproteinases, serine proteinases, Echicetin and PLA²s are extracted from the venom of Echis carinatus sochureki.

    For Research purposes the venom of Echis carinatus sochureki is known to contain a mixture of Procoagulants, Zinc metalloproteinases and possibly Anticoagulants, Nephrotoxins and Necrotoxins.

    Packaging : lyophilized venom sold in vacuum sealed glass vials of  500 mg and 1 g.

    Echis ocellatus can be found in Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea, Chad, Gambia and Niger. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis ocellatus species is of highest medical importance in Central sub-Saharan Africa and Western sub-Saharan Africa.

    The venom of Echis ocellatus is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.

    Ocellatusin, Ocellatin and several other Disintegrins (EO4A, EO5A, EO5B…), Zinc metalloproteinases (Eoc1, Eoc6, EoVMP2, EoMP06), Serine protease sp-Eoc49, metalloprotease inhibitor 02D01, Venom nerve growth factor and PLA²s are extracted from the venom of Echis ocellatus.

    For Research purposes the venom of Echis ocellatus is known to contain a mixture of Procoagulants, Metalloproteinases and possibibly Anticoagulants, Nephrotoxins and Necrotoxins.

  12. Echis Ocellatus Snake Venom :BUY ECHIS OCELLATUS VENOM ONLINEBuy Echis ocellatus Venom Online, Echis ocellatus can be found in Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea, Chad, Gambia and Niger. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis ocellatus species is of highest medical importance in Central sub-Saharan Africa and Western sub-Saharan Africa.The venom of Echis ocellatus is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.

    Ocellatusin, Ocellatin and several other Disintegrins (EO4A, EO5A, EO5B…), Zinc metalloproteinases (Eoc1, Eoc6, EoVMP2, EoMP06), Serine protease sp-Eoc49, metalloprotease inhibitor 02D01, Venom nerve growth factor and PLA²s are extracted from the venom of Echis ocellatus.

    For Research purposes the venom of Echis ocellatus is known to contain a mixture of Procoagulants, Metalloproteinases and possibibly Anticoagulants, Nephrotoxins and Necrotoxins.

    carinatus sochureki can be found in N India (incl. Punjab), Bangladesh, S Afghanistan, Pakistan, C Iran, S Iraq. An isolated population in SE Arabian peninsula has been described. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis carinatus sochureki species is of highest medical importance in Central Asia and South Asia. Buy Echis Snake Venom Online

    The venom of Echis carinatus sochureki is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at countries of these regions.

    Disintegrins (echistatin-alpha, Ec6), Metalloproteinases, serine proteinases, Echicetin and PLA²s are extracted from the venom of Echis carinatus sochureki.

    For Research purposes the venom of Echis carinatus sochureki is known to contain a mixture of Procoagulants, Zinc metalloproteinases and possibly Anticoagulants, Nephrotoxins and Necrotoxins.

    Packaging : lyophilized venom sold in vacuum sealed glass vials of  500 mg and 1 g.

    Echis ocellatus can be found in Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea, Chad, Gambia and Niger. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, Echis ocellatus species is of highest medical importance in Central sub-Saharan Africa and Western sub-Saharan Africa.

  13. Freeze Dried Aspidelaps Scutatus (Shield Nose Snake) Snake Venom :BUY FREEZE DRIED ASPIDELAPS SCUTATUS (SHIELD NOSE) SNAKE VENOMBuy Freeze dried Aspidelaps scutatus Online (Shield Nose Snake) Venom (1gram) The venom of this snakehas not been well studied, but it is likely to be neurotoxic and has caused at least one victims death. There is no antivenom available for this species. We are the most reliable suppliers of Snake,Scorpion,Spider venom at a low cost. We offer safe and fast delivery worldwide.Freeze dried Aspidelaps scutatus (Shield Nose Snake) Venom(1 gram) The venom of this snake has not been well studied, but it is likely to be neurotoxic and has caused at least one victims death. There is no antivenom available for this species.

    Black Mamba Snake Venom For Sale, Buy Snake Venom Online. Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale. This actually sounds much like a joke, how black mamba venom can really ease you of your pain – but it’s not. A painkiller just as effective as black mamba venom but without the unwanted side effects has been found by French researchers in the venom. The predator, like many other snakes, uses neurotoxins to paralyze and kill small animals, but according to the team’s research, the venom also contains a very potent painkiller, most likely working to calm down unlucky prey. The researchers analyzed 50 different mamba species before ultimately finding the black mamba’s painkilling proteins – called mambalgins.

    Black Mamba (Dendroaspis Polylepis) Snake Venom for sale

    “When it was tested in mice, the analgesia was as strong as morphine, but you don’t have most of the side-effects.” Morphine has been used as a painkiller for a very long time; it acts on the opioid pathway in the brain (like opium), calming the pain, but also causing addiction, headaches, occasional vomiting, and muscle twitching. However, mambalgins tackle pain in a completely different way, which have virtually no side effects.

    Shield-nose snake Venom (Aspidelaps scutatus) are rare but there are reportedly neurological symptoms associated with the bite and according to literature no deaths have been reported. However many rural people in Botswana claim that this snake has inflicted fatal bites. It is quite possible that many fatal bites are not reported.

    Shield-nose snake Venom (Aspidelaps scutatus) is a venomous snake in the family Elapidae.

    It is found in South Africa, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Namibia.

    Shield-nose snake (Aspidelaps scutatus) Venom is mildly cytotoxic and neurotoxic, causing local swelling and necrosis. Respiratory failure may occur but is rare. There is no antivenom for the bite of this snake and patients must be treated symptomatically.

    Buy Freeze dried Aspidelaps scutatus Online (Shield Nose Snake) Venom (1gram) The venom of this snakehas not been well studied, but it is likely to be neurotoxic and has caused at least one victims death. There is no antivenom available for this species. We are the most reliable suppliers of Snake,Scorpion,Spider venom at a low cost. We offer safe and fast delivery worldwide.

  14. Jararaca Pit Viper Snake Venom :BUY JARARACA PIT VIPER SNAKE VENOM. BOTHROPS JARARACA VENOM, If you’ve just been bitten by a venomous snake and your flesh is starting to rot and you can’t breathe, you may not be in the mood to hear how beautiful snake venom can be. But from a safe distance, it really is a marvel to behold.Snake venom is a blend of molecules, many of which are exquisitely adapted for wreaking havoc. Some are enzymes that slice muscles apart. Some grab onto proteins that normally form clots, so that a snake’s victim can’t stop bleeding. Many snake venoms attack the nervous system with molecular precision that’s so good that neuroscientists have snakes to thank for some of their biggest discoveries.

    In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

    Nerves trigger muscles to contract by releasing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. At first Lee and Chang assumed that the snake venom must cut acetylcholine apart, but they found it had no effect. Instead, they discovered, the banded krait venom prevented neurons from responding to acetylcholine and from releasing their own. These two changes were caused by two different proteins in the venom of the banded krait, which Lee and Chang dubbed α-bungarotoxin and β-bungarotoxin.

    Bothrops jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) is a species of viper endemic to South America and is an important cause of snakebite in that region.

    Bothrops jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) is the best-known venomous snake in the wealthy and heavily populated areas of south-eastern Brazil, where it was responsible for 52% (3,446 cases) of snakebites between 1902 and 1945, with a 0.7% fatality rate (25 deaths).

    Jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) from the snake bite causes local swelling, petechiae (small red or purple spots caused by bleeding into the skin), bruising and blistering but also bleeding of the gums, haemorrhage and incoagulable blood. These symptoms can potentially be fatal.

    Buy Jararaca Pit Viper Snake Venom for sale. BOTHROPS JARARACA VENOM, If you’ve just been bitten by a venomous snake and your flesh is starting to rot and you can’t breathe, you may not be in the mood to hear how beautiful snake venom can be. But from a safe distance, it really is a marvel to behold.

    Snake venom is a blend of molecules, many of which are exquisitely adapted for wreaking havoc. Some are enzymes that slice muscles apart. Some grab onto proteins that normally form clots, so that a snake’s victim can’t stop bleeding. Many snake venoms attack the nervous system with molecular precision that’s so good that neuroscientists have snakes to thank for some of their biggest discoveries.

    In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

    Nerves trigger muscles to contract by releasing the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. At first Lee and Chang assumed that the snake venom must cut acetylcholine apart, but they found it had no effect. Instead, they discovered, the banded krait venom prevented neurons from responding to acetylcholine and from releasing their own. These two changes were caused by two different proteins in the venom of the banded krait, which Lee and Chang dubbed α-bungarotoxin and β-bungarotoxin.

    Bothrops jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) is a species of viper endemic to South America and is an important cause of snakebite in that region.

    Bothrops jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) is the best-known venomous snake in the wealthy and heavily populated areas of south-eastern Brazil, where it was responsible for 52% (3,446 cases) of snakebites between 1902 and 1945, with a 0.7% fatality rate (25 deaths).

    Jararaca Venom ( Brazilian pit viper) from the snake bite causes local swelling, petechiae (small red or purple spots caused by bleeding into the skin), bruising and blistering but also bleeding of the gums, haemorrhage and incoagulable blood. These symptoms can potentially be fatal.

    Buy Jararaca Pit Viper Snake Venom for sale. BOTHROPS JARARACA VENOM, If you’ve just been bitten by a venomous snake and your flesh is starting to rot and you can’t breathe, you may not be in the mood to hear how beautiful snake venom can be. But from a safe distance, it really is a marvel to behold.

    Snake venom is a blend of molecules, many of which are exquisitely adapted for wreaking havoc. Some are enzymes that slice muscles apart. Some grab onto proteins that normally form clots, so that a snake’s victim can’t stop bleeding. Many snake venoms attack the nervous system with molecular precision that’s so good that neuroscientists have snakes to thank for some of their biggest discoveries.

    In the 1950s, two researchers in Taiwan–CY Lee and CC Chang–decided to study the venom of the banded krait. A bite from the snake, native to Taiwan, caused paralysis and shallow breathing–suggesting to the scientists that the snake’s venom must interfere in an interesting way with the nervous system’s control of muscles.

  15. king Cobra Snake Venom :BUY KING COBRA SNAKE VENOM ONLINE (OPHIOPHAGUS HANNAH)BUY KING COBRA SNAKE VENOM ONLINE (OPHIOPHAGUS HANNAH) Snake Venom For Sale, Buy Snake Venom Online Us.King Cobra Venom ( Ophiophagus Hannah Snake) is a very venomous and dangerous snake which is widely distributed in India, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, and as far as the Philippines.

    King Cobra Venom ( Ophiophagus Hannah Snake) is the largest venomous snake in the world, and can inject an extremely large quantity of venom in one bite. Envenomation signifies a true medical emergency. In this particular species, envenomation usually presents predominately with systemic neurologic manifestations. Drowsiness, neurological and neuromuscular symptoms may develop early; paralysis, ventilatory failure or death often ensue rapidly.

    King Cobra ( Ophiophagus Hannah Snake) was found to actively interfere in hemostatic stages such as fibrin clot formation, platelet activation/aggregation, and fibrin clot dissolution. It decreased partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin clotting time (TCT).

     King Cobra ( Ophiophagus Hannah Snake) L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO), a heat-stable enzyme, is an extremely potent antiproliferative agent against cancer cells when compared with LAAO isolated from other snake venoms.

    King Cobra Venom ( Ophiophagus Hannah Snake), also known as the hamadryad, is a venomous snake species in the family Elapidae, endemic to forests from India through Southeast Asia.

    King Cobra Snake Venom For Sale

    The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the only member of its genus. “The king cobra is the longest species of venomous snake in the world,” said Viernum. Though there are other snakes with more potent venom, the amount of neurotoxin that a king cobra can emit in one bite is enough to kill 20 people — or one elephant Viper venom is known to prevent blood from clotting, which is useful for anticoagulant drugs. Venomous marine snails: Venom from the cone snail was used to make the drug ziconotide, which is used to treat chronic pain. … King Cobra: A specific toxin in King Cobra venom shows promise for treating chronic pain.

    Buy King Cobra Snake Venom Online

    Our team of researchers reveals a detailed account of the proteins in the venom of king cobras. Snake venoms always have intrigued scientists, because they “have a rich diversity of biological activities. Among other things, venoms contain various proteases, lipases, nerve-growth factors and enzyme inhibitors. Besides understanding how venoms function, researchers want to develop better antidotes to snake venom and identify molecules from venom that can be exploited as drugs, such as painkillers, anticlotting medications and blood pressure treatments. Domont points to captopril, a drug now commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It was derived from a molecule found in the venom of a poisonous Brazilian viper. We are the best suppliers of venoms of all types at moderate prices.we also offer a fast and safe shipping to all clients. We also have scorpion venoms for sale now at cheap prices with discreet packaging and over night shipping worldwide.

    We are the most reliable and largest producers and suppliers of snake venoms in the USA, Europe, Asia with the biggest venom bank with 98% purity. Our snakes are kept in enclosures exclusively designed to accommodate our climate and are fed a well balanced to varied diet of rats, mice frogs and quail. Snake venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defense against threats. It is injected by unique fangs after a bite, and some species are also able to spit their venom.

    Seven milliliters of a king cobra’s venom can kill 20 people. But what exactly is in the snake’s venom? Researchers have pursued that question for decades.

    Now, in a paper published in the journal Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, a team of researchers reveals a detailed account of the proteins in the venom of king cobras. “I believe this study to be one of the most complete and precise catalogues of proteins in a venom yet obtained,” states Neil Kelleher at Northwestern University, one of the study’s senior investigators.

    Snake venoms always have intrigued scientists, because they “have a rich diversity of biological activities,” says Kelleher’s collaborator Gilberto Domont at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. Among other things, venoms contain various proteases, lipases, nerve-growth factors and enzyme inhibitors. Besides understanding how venoms function, researchers want to develop better antidotes to snake venom and identify molecules from venom that can be exploited as drugs, such as painkillers, anticlotting medications and blood pressure treatments. Domont points to captopril, a drug now commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. It was derived from a molecule found in the venom of a poisonous Brazilian viper.

    Although the venom of the king cobra, the largest venomous snake in the world, which can stretch up to 13 feet, has been analyzed previously, questions persist about the venom. How do the sequences of the toxins evolutionarily vary? How do some post-translational modifications on proteins make the venom lethal? But to answer these questions, researchers need a proper count of the proteins in king cobra venom.

  16. Vipera Ammodytes (Long Horned Nose) Snake Venom :BUY VIPERA AMMODYTES VENOM ONLINEBuy Vipera ammodytes Venom Online,  ammodytes can be found in Austria (Kärnten, Südsteiermark), N Italy, W Hungary, Croatia (including some adriatic islands), Slovenia,Bosnia and Hercegovina, Monte Negro, Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece (incl. Paros, Antiparos, Strongylo, Andros), Turkey, Russia, Republic of Georgia, Azerbaijan.

    According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, the Vipera ammodytes ammodytes species is of highest medical importance in Central Europa.

    The venom of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at these countries.

    Ammodytoxins A, B, C, Ammodytins I1, I2, Vipoxins A, B(PLA²s), Disintegrin VA6, Serine protease Inhibitors 1 and 3,  svVEGF Vammin are extracted from the venom of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes.

    For Research purposes: the venom of Vipera ammodytes ammodytes is known to contain Presynaptic neurotoxins, and probably Procoagulants, Haemorrhagins.

    Packaging : lyophilized venom sold in vacuum sealed glass vials of 500 mg and 1 g.

    The Viperids (Viperidae) family of Scaled (Squamata), reptiles, includes in the world about 270 species, subdivided in two subfamilies: the Crotalins (Crotalinae), belonging exclusively to the American continent, and the Viperins (Viperinae), that live in Europe, Asia and Africa. They are all equipped with “solenoglyph” teeth, that is empty inside, from where the venom can transit, and retractile, to shut when in resting position.

    Each species, depending on the type of venom, the use of which is that of killing the prey and digesting it, may arouse four types of physical reactions: proteolytic, coagulant, hemolytic and neurotoxic.

    That of the Horned viper (Vipera ammodytes Linnaeus, 1758) causes an especially neurotoxic action, with the paralysis of the subject. Unlike other vipers, almost all little dangerous, this is capable to kill a man. As a matter of fact, it is the most venomous among the European species, luckily little aggressive and very timid, therefore difficult to meet.

    Terrifying close-up of the head with the typical frontal small horn, about 5 mm long. The viperids are highly evolved snales. Not only they protect their eggs inside the mother body, but the venomous teeth are hollow: long folding syringes to inject with no waste and deep their powerful venom. In the rattlesnakes this group of reptiles has done then a further incredible step forward, with infrared rays dimples for a perfect vision of the preys even during the night in the total darkness © Giuseppe Mazza

    The genus Vipera, comes from the name the Romans gave to these serpents, that in turn comes from “viviparous”, that means that it gives birth to live children, emphasizing the fact that this reptile has eggs opening inside the uterine sac, with newborns already able to move, like the mammals. The gestation so called actually ovoviviparous, might therefore indicate an evolution step in the world of the reptiles. For what the specific name ammodytes, coming from the Greek words “ammos” = arena and “dyo” = to enter, from which we might infer the action of easily penetrating into the sand, concerns, we can affirm that this is an odd choice, poorly corresponding to reality, being the rocky environment the exclusive one of this species.

    The presence of four subspecies has been proved: the Vipera ammodytes meridionalis Boulenger, 1903, of central-southern Greece, the Vipera ammodytes montidoni Boulenger, 1904, in Albania, Macedonia, western Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria and the Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana Boulenger, 1913, in eastern Turkey and Georgia. The fourth, the nominal, Vipera ammodytes ammodytes, is spread in the rest of the range of the species.

  17. Vipera Aspis Snake Venom :BUY VIPERA ASPIS VENOM ONLINEBuy Vipera aspis Venom Online, can be found in NE Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Slovenia. According to WHO Guidelines for the Production, Control and Regulation of Snake Antivenom Immunoglobulins, the Vipera aspis species is of highest medical importance in Western Europe.The venom of Vipera aspis is used for the production of antivenom immunoglobulins aimed at these countries.

    The venom of Vipera aspis is also used in homeopathic remedies (Vipera redi)

    Vaspins A, B (PLA² inhibitors) Ammodytins I1, I2, svVEGF Toxin HF, PLA² II and III  are extracted from the venom of Vipera aspis.

    For Research purposes: the venom of Vipera aspis is expected to contain Neurotoxins, Procoagulants and Haemorrhagins.

    The variation of venom composition with geography is an important aspect of intraspecific variability in the Vipera genus, although causes of this variability remain unclear. The diversity of snake venom is important both for our understanding of venomous snake evolution and for the preparation of relevant antivenoms to treat envenomations. A geographic intraspecific variation in snake venom composition was recently reported for Vipera aspis aspis venom in France. Since 1992, cases of human envenomation after Vipera aspis aspis bites in south-east France involving unexpected neurological signs were regularly reported. The presence of genes encoding PLA2 neurotoxins in the Vaa snake genome led us to investigate any neurological symptom associated with snake bites in other regions of France and in neighboring countries. In parallel, we used several approaches to characterize the venom PLA2composition of the snakes captured in the same areas. Buy Vipera aspis Venom Online

    Methodology/Principal Findings

    We conducted an epidemiological survey of snake bites in various regions of France. In parallel, we carried out the analysis of the genes and the transcripts encoding venom PLA2s. We used SELDI technology to study the diversity of PLA2 in various venom samples. Neurological signs (mainly cranial nerve disturbances) were reported after snake bites in three regions of France: Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. Genomes of Vipera aspis snakes from south-east France were shown to contain ammodytoxin isoforms never described in the genome of Vipera aspis from other French regions. Surprisingly, transcripts encoding venom neurotoxic PLA2s were found in snakes of Massif Central region. Accordingly, SELDI analysis of PLA2 venom composition confirmed the existence of population of neurotoxic Vipera aspis snakes in the west part of the Massif Central mountains.

     Buy Vipera aspis Venom Online

    Conclusions/SignificanceThe association of epidemiological studies to genetic, biochemical and immunochemical analyses of snake venoms allowed a good evaluation of the potential neurotoxicity of snake bites. A correlation was found between the expression of neurological symptoms in humans and the intensity of the cross-reaction of venoms with anti-ammodytoxin antibodies, which is correlated with the level of neurotoxin (vaspin and/or ammodytoxin) expression in the venom. The origin of the two recently identified neurotoxic snake populations is discussed according to venom PLA2 genome and transcriptome data.

Scorpion Venom

Scorpion venom is a neurotoxin, a chemical that affects the nervous system, ultimately killing or paralyzing their prey. Among the most dangerous scorpion species is Leiurus quinquestriatus, also known as death stalker scorpion. This type of scorpion carries the some of the most potent venom in the group.

Image result for scorpion venom

In the lab, scientists are finding out that venomous proteins can be used in medicine. Researchers have had success, for example, in using scorpion venom to treat brain tumors in humans. Instead of causing harm to healthy nerve and muscle cells, venom such as chlorotoxin can be used to block signals from cancer cells.The deathstalker is one of the most dangerous scorpions on the planet, and what makes it so dangerous also happens to be the most expensive liquid in the world.  This stuff costs $39 million per gallon. Now, even if you had the money, you couldn’t just go and buy a gallon of the stuff, because you can only get it in tiny, minuscule amounts. $130 will get you a droplet that’s smaller than a grain of sugar.

The reason why is pretty simple: the stuff is hard to get. Scorpions are almost always milked by hand, one by one. And one scorpion produces, at the most, just two milligrams of venom at a time.

So, let’s do the math. If you owned one scorpion you would have to milk it 2.64 million times to fill a gallon. And let’s face it, you’d probably get stung along the way as well. One sting isn’t enough to kill a healthy human, but I think it hurts.

THE SCORPION VENOM AVAILABLE IN STOCK FOR PURCHASE ARE;

  1. Androctonus Amoreuxi Scorpion Venom : BUY ANDROCTONUS AMOREUXI VENOM ONLINEBuy Androctonus Amoreuxi Online, it caused a high foetal resorption rate in rats, particularly when injected on days 9-11 of gestation. Vertebral and ossification defects and foetal weight loss were observed in many of the viable foetuses obtained from mothers treated with scorpion venom. Treatment of the rats with phentolamine in addition to the venom significantly reduced the venom-induced hyperglycemia.Androctonus Amoreuxi Venom also conferred some protection against foetal resorption but had only a slight effect on chondrification or foetal weight loss. This shows that hyperglycemia might be responsible for foetal mortality, but alone is not a decisive factor in the effect of the venom on the chondrification process. Treatment of the rats with triamterene reduced the foetal resorption rate and significantly decreased the effects of the venom on chondrification.

    Androctonus Amoreuxi Venom is ejected through a pair of venom pores on its subterminal portion. Both venom ducts extend along the stinger without contact with each other since they are separated by connective tissue cells. The stinger is covered by cuticle and spines. Each venom gland is covered by a sheath of striated muscle and is lined with extensively folded secretory epithelium that consists of non-secretory and secretory venom-producing cells. The venom-producing cells reacted positively to histochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. The outcomes also revealed that the venom-producing cells of both glands produce neutral mucosubstances. Contact us for more details.

    The stinger is covered by cuticle and spines. Each venom gland is covered by a sheath of striated muscle and is lined with extensively folded secretory epithelium that consists of non-secretory and secretory venom-producing cells. The venom-producing cells reacted positively to histochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. The outcomes also revealed that the venom-producing cells of both glands produce neutral mucosubstances. Contact us for more details.

     Scorpion Venom Function:

    1. Neurogrowth hormone

    It has broad application prospects in nerve molecules, molecular immunity, molecular evolution, protein structure and function.

    1. Thrombolytic factor

    It has the effect of preventing thrombosis and dissolution of thrombus, and it has certain therapeutic effect on coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction caused by various embolism.

    1. Vascular Polypeptide

    This can effectively soften the blood vessels and remove the inner wall of the blood vessels and fixtures. Effective prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, arteriosclerosis, senile dementia.

    1. Anticancer Polypeptide

    Anticancer peptides can effectively kill cancer cells.

    The Active Ingredient

    Buy Androctonus Amoreuxi Online, it caused a high foetal resorption rate in rats, particularly when injected on days 9-11 of gestation. Vertebral and ossification defects and foetal weight loss were observed in many of the viable foetuses obtained from mothers treated with scorpion venom. Treatment of the rats with phentolamine in addition to the venom significantly reduced the venom-induced hyperglycemia.

    Androctonus Amoreuxi Venom also conferred some protection against foetal resorption but had only a slight effect on chondrification or foetal weight loss. This shows that hyperglycemia might be responsible for foetal mortality, but alone is not a decisive factor in the effect of the venom on the chondrification process. Treatment of the rats with triamterene reduced the foetal resorption rate and significantly decreased the effects of the venom on chondrification.

    Androctonus Amoreuxi Venom is ejected through a pair of venom pores on its subterminal portion. Both venom ducts extend along the stinger without contact with each other since they are separated by connective tissue cells. The stinger is covered by cuticle and spines. Each venom gland is covered by a sheath of striated muscle and is lined with extensively folded secretory epithelium that consists of non-secretory and secretory venom-producing cells. The venom-producing cells reacted positively to histochemical tests for carbohydrates and proteins. The outcomes also revealed that the venom-producing cells of both glands produce neutral mucosubstances. Contact us for more details.

    2. Androctonus Crassicauda Scorpion Venom  :

    BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM SCORPION (FATTAIL OR FAT-TAILED SCORPION)

    BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM ONLINE CHEAP, BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA from the best online suppliers Best Venom Pharmacy. Scorpion sting is the most important arachnidan envenomation that causes adult morbidity and child mortality. It remains a real health problem in many countries from tropical and subtropical regions (4, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 27). Scorpion venom contains small neurotoxin polypeptides consisting of low-molecular-weight simple proteins with lethal and paralytic effects (1, 3, 15, 28). Several studies on scorpion stings emphasized that clinical pictures ranged from local to severe autonomic and central nervous system symptoms and also death due to cardio and respiratory failure, especially in children (5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22). Lethal scorpions are mostly of the Buthidae family (16, 18, 27).

    In Turkey, scorpion envenomations are mostly caused by the genera Androctonus, Leiurus and Mesobuthus (18, 19). In the same country, A. crassicauda venom, obtained by maceration of telsons, is utilized as antigen for antivenom. This antigen has also been used against other scorpion species (23, 24). Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify the relationship between A. crassicauda venom toxicity and its telson size, weight, and storing condition.

    BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM Scorpion  For Sale Online

    The purpose of study was to examine the cytotoxic and anti-cancer properties along with addressing the plausible pathway followed by scorpion venom to reduce cell viability in SH-SY5Y and MCF-7 cells. Following exposure of cells with scorpion venom, cytotoxicity was estimated using MTT and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Apoptotic effects were measured by assessment of mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive nitrogen species, DNA fragmentation, and caspase-3 activity whereas antiproliferative effect was assayed using BrdU incorporation. Our results indicate that scorpion venom causes suppression of proliferation by arresting S-phase and induction of apoptosis through increased nitric oxide production, caspase-3 activity and depolarization of mitochondrial membrane. Induction of apoptosis and arrest of DNA synthesis are critical determinant factors for development of anti cancer drugs. These properties may lead to isolation of effective molecule(s) with potential anticancer activity from scorpion venom of Androctonus crassicauda.

    BUY MOROCCAN BLACK THICK-TAILED ONLINE CHEAP from the best online suppliers Best Venom Pharmacy. Scorpion sting is the most important arachnidan envenomation that causes adult morbidity and child mortality. It remains a real health problem in many countries from tropical and subtropical regions (4, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 27). Scorpion venom contains small neurotoxin polypeptides consisting of low-molecular-weight simple proteins with lethal and paralytic effects (1, 3, 15, 28). Several studies on scorpion stings emphasized that clinical pictures ranged from local to severe autonomic and central nervous system symptoms and also death due to cardio and respiratory failure, especially in children (5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22). Lethal scorpions are mostly of the Buthidae family (16, 18, 27).

    3. Buthus Occitanus Scorpion Venom :BUY BUTHUS OCCITANUS SCORPION VENOM ONLINE

    Buy Buthus Occitanus Venom Online, Scorpion is a species of scorpion in the Buthidae family. It occurs in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe.

    Buthus Occitanus Scorpion Venom is often found in dry and hot areas with sparse vegetation, where it hides under stones etc. during daytime. It has also been reported from Mediterranean forests in Spain at altitudes above 1000 meters (with snowfall in the winter). The sting in Europe is painful but with only mild toxic effects, although the specimens from the Tabernas Desert in Almería have harsher effects, but not fatal.

    The effect of Buthus occitanus venom on the isolated hearts appears to be mediated largely through stimulation of the autonomic nervous system with predominance of sympathetic stimulation and release of tissue catecholamines, although a direct cardiac stimulant action was also found. The injection of the venom into rabbits caused initial short lasting bradycardia followed by tachycardia then a prolonged bradycardia. The initial bradycardia was due to the cholinergic effect of the venom, the tachycardia to sympathetic stimulation and release of tissue catecholamines, while the delayed bradycardia seemed due to changes in the ionic composition of blood; notably hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia. The most striking electrocardiographic effects of the venom seemed related to inferior wall infarction and right bundle branch block.

    Buthus Occitanus Scorpion Venom For Sale

    Buthus Occitanus Scorpion Venom For Sale with discreet packaging 1 gram. Even though Buthus occitanus scorpions are found throughout the Mediterranean region, a lack of distinctive characteristics has hampered their classification into different subspecies. Yet, stings from this particular scorpion family are reported each year to result in pain followed by various toxic symptoms. In order to determine the toxicity origin of the rare French B. occitanus Amoreux scorpion, we collected several specimens and studied their venom composition using a nano ultra high performance liquid chromatography and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (nano UHPLC/MALDI-TOF-MS) automated workflow combined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) approach. Moreover, we compared this dataset to that obtained from highly lethal Androctonus australis and Androctonus mauretanicus scorpions collected in North Africa. As a result, we found that the B. occitanus Amoreux venom is toxic to mice, an observation that is most likely caused by venom components that inhibit voltage-gated sodium channel inactivation. Moreover, we identified similarities in venom composition between B. occitanus scorpions living in the South of France and other Buthidae collected in Morocco and Algeria. As such, the results of this study should be taken into consideration when treating stings from the B. occitanus species living in the South of France.

    4. Deathstalker Scorpion Venom :BUY DEATHSTALKER SCORPION VENOM ONLINE (LEIURUS QUINQUESTRIATUS)

    Buy Deathstalker Venom scorpion (Leiurus quinquestriatus) is one of the most dangerous species of scorpions.

    Deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus) Venom is a powerful mixture of neurotoxins, with a low lethal dose. While a sting from this scorpion is extraordinarily painful, it normally would not kill a healthy adult human.

    Deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus) Venom scorpions are very small often tan or reddish colored with small weak pincers. The stinger tip and pincer tips can be darker, almost black colored. Females are larger than males to accommodate reproductive tasks.

    Deathstalker scorpions can be found (if one is foolhardy enough to look for one) in dry desert areas and dry scrublands in northern Africa and the Middle East. It prefers a dry climate, and makes its home in natural burrows or under stones.

    Deathstalker (Leiurus quinquestriatus) Venom has the strongest poison of any scorpion. If stung, a person will experience extreme pain, convulsions, paralysis and even death due to heart and respiratory failure.

    The deathstalker scorpion is one of the deadliest scorpions in the world. Its tail is full of powerful venom. A deathstalker scorpion’s sting is extremely painful and also causes paralysis, an inability to move or feel part of the body. The scorpion uses this venom to hunt insects such as crickets, which are its main food source.

    The deathstalker scorpion catches its food by taking its prey by surprise. It hides under rocks in wait for an unsuspecting cricket or other small insect, then springs out and grabs it. Because its pincers aren’t very strong, it needs to sting its prey quickly to keep it from getting away. Within moments of being stung, the cricket is paralyzed or dead, giving the scorpion plenty of time to enjoy its meal.

    How Do Muscles Work?

    The muscles in your body are controlled by the movement of special molecules called ions. Depending on the type of ion and whether its moving in or out of muscle cells, the cells either relax or contract. One such ion is chloride, which helps muscle cells know when to relax. When all the cells in a muscle are contracted, that muscle is flexed. This makes it possible for you to move your arms, legs and other parts of your body.

    Ions enter muscle cells through openings in the cell membrane called channels. These channels are made of proteins and have a specific shape that let only certain molecules or atoms pass. Chloride channels, for example, are specifically designed to only let chloride ions in and out of the cell.

    How Does Scorpion Venom Work?

    Now that you understand how muscles work, let’s take a closer look what venom does inside your cells.

    Scorpion venom contains a very small protein chain called chlorotoxin, only 36 amino acids long. This tiny protein has a very powerful effect though. It is perfectly shaped to block chloride channels and stop chloride ions from entering muscle cells. Without these ions sending signals telling your cells to relax, the muscles in your body all flex at once and paralysis sets in.

    The deathstalker scorpion is one of the deadliest scorpions in the world. Its tail is full of powerful venom. A deathstalker scorpion’s sting is extremely painful and also causes paralysis, an inability to move or feel part of the body. The scorpion uses this venom to hunt insects such as crickets, which are its main food source.

    The deathstalker scorpion catches its food by taking its prey by surprise. It hides under rocks in wait for an unsuspecting cricket or other small insect, then springs out and grabs it. Because its pincers aren’t very strong, it needs to sting its prey quickly to keep it from getting away. Within moments of being stung, the cricket is paralyzed or dead, giving the scorpion plenty of time to enjoy its meal.

    How Do Muscles Work?

    The muscles in your body are controlled by the movement of special molecules called ions. Depending on the type of ion and whether its moving in or out of muscle cells, the cells either relax or contract. One such ion is chloride, which helps muscle cells know when to relax. When all the cells in a muscle are contracted, that muscle is flexed. This makes it possible for you to move your arms, legs and other parts of your body.

    Ions enter muscle cells through openings in the cell membrane called channels. These channels are made of proteins and have a specific shape that let only certain molecules or atoms pass. Chloride channels, for example, are specifically designed to only let chloride ions in and out of the cell.

    5. Emperor Scorpion Venom :BUY EMPEROR SCORPION VENOM ONLINE

    Buy Emperor Scorpion Venom Online, Scorpion venom is used in immuno suppressants, anti-malarial medications, and cancer research. The only problem is gathering is difficult and dangerous. That’s why our team of researchers at Black Venom Pharmacy have created a device that gently holds scorpions in place and uses small electrical shocks that cause them to secrete droplets of venom. From that description, it does sound a bit cruel, but it’s harmless and the animals can be released back into the nature unscathed after “donating” their venom.

    Transcriptomic tests have uncovered the protein composition of venom from the Scorpiops jendeki scorpion. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Genomics have carried out the first ever venom analysis in this arachnid, and discovered nine novel poison molecules, never before seen in any scorpion species. Yibao Ma worked with a team of researchers from Wuhan University, China, to study the sting of S. jendeki, a member of the family Euscorpiidae, which covers Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. He said, “Our work greatly expands the current knowledge of scorpion venoms. We found ten known types and nine novel venom peptides and proteins. These molecules provide a rich, hitherto-unexplored resource for drug development as well as clues into the evolution of the scorpion venom arsenal”.

    Emperor Scorpion Venom For Sale

    To humans, the sting of scorpions from the Euscorpiidae family tend to be quite mild ““ about as painful as a mosquito bite. S. jendeki venom has never been studied before. The researchers found that it contains ten known poisons, with markedly diverse modes of action and nine new types of venom peptide, whose biological effects are yet to be determined. French Bulldog puppies for sale Australia. The scorpion itself, however, is considered harmless ““ probably because it cannot deliver enough of the poison to cause any damage to a healthy human. Interestingly, neurotoxins, which are major poisons in the venom of another scorpion species that can kill humans, were not found in the S. jendeki venom.

    6. Moroccan Black Thick-Tailed Scorpion Venom :BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM SCORPION (FATTAIL OR FAT-TAILED SCORPION)

    BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM ONLINE CHEAP, BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA from the best online suppliers Best Venom Pharmacy. Scorpion sting is the most important arachnidan envenomation that causes adult morbidity and child mortality. It remains a real health problem in many countries from tropical and subtropical regions (4, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 27). Scorpion venom contains small neurotoxin polypeptides consisting of low-molecular-weight simple proteins with lethal and paralytic effects (1, 3, 15, 28). Several studies on scorpion stings emphasized that clinical pictures ranged from local to severe autonomic and central nervous system symptoms and also death due to cardio and respiratory failure, especially in children (5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 21, 22). Lethal scorpions are mostly of the Buthidae family (16, 18, 27).

    In Turkey, scorpion envenomations are mostly caused by the genera Androctonus, Leiurus and Mesobuthus (18, 19). In the same country, A. crassicauda venom, obtained by maceration of telsons, is utilized as antigen for antivenom. This antigen has also been used against other scorpion species (23, 24). Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify the relationship between A. crassicauda venom toxicity and its telson size, weight, and storing condition.

    BUY ANDROCTONUS CRASSICAUDA VENOM Scorpion  For Sale Online

    The purpose of study was to examine the cytotoxic and anti-cancer properties along with addressing the plausible pathway followed by scorpion venom to reduce cell viability in SH-SY5Y and MCF-7 cells. Following exposure of cells with scorpion venom, cytotoxicity was estimated using MTT and lactate dehydrogenase assays. Apoptotic effects were measured by assessment of mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive nitrogen species, DNA fragmentation, and caspase-3 activity whereas antiproliferative effect was assayed using BrdU incorporation. Our results indicate that scorpion venom causes suppression of proliferation by arresting S-phase and induction of apoptosis through increased nitric oxide production, caspase-3 activity and depolarization of mitochondrial membrane. Induction of apoptosis and arrest of DNA synthesis are critical determinant factors for development of anti cancer drugs. These properties may lead to isolation of effective molecule(s) with potential anticancer activity from scorpion venom of Androctonus crassicauda.